Deutsch (Deutschland) English (United States)
Deutsch (Deutschland) English (United States)

Starting Cohort Kindergarten (SC2)

Version 1.0.0


The information on this site refers to version 1.0.0. Information on the latest version you get here.

Date of Release


Principal Investigator

Hans-Günther Roßbach, National Educational Panel Study, Bamberg (Germany)


If you publish with NEPS data, it is mandatory to quote the following reference:

Blossfeld, H.-P., Roßbach, H.-G., & von Maurice, J. (Eds.). (2011). Education as a lifelong process: The German National Educational Panel Study (NEPS) [Special Issue]. Zeitschrift für Erziehungswissenschaft, 14. (Full text)

In addition, publications using data from this release must include the following acknowledgement:

This paper uses data from the National Educational Panel Study (NEPS): Starting Cohort 2 – Kindergarten, doi:10.5157/NEPS:SC2:1.0.0. From 2008 to 2013, NEPS data were collected as part of the Framework Programme for the Promotion of Empirical Educational Research funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). As of 2014, the NEPS survey is carried out by the Leibniz Institute for Educational Trajectories (LIfBi) at the University of Bamberg in cooperation with a nationwide network.

Click here for the German citation.

Für alle Publikationen mit NEPS-Daten ist es verpflichtend, folgende Referenz zu zitieren:

Blossfeld, H.-P., H.-G. Roßbach und J. von Maurice (Hrsg.) (2011). Education as a Lifelong Process – The German National Educational Panel Study (NEPS). Zeitschrift für Erziehungswissenschaft: Sonderheft 14. (Volltext)

Zusätzlich müssen alle Publikationen den folgenden Hinweis auf den jeweiligen Scientific-Use-File, aus dem die verwendeten NEPS-Daten stammen, enthalten:

Diese Arbeit nutzt Daten des Nationalen Bildungspanels (NEPS) Startkohorte 2 (Kindergarten), doi:10.5157/NEPS:SC2:1.0.0. Die Daten des NEPS wurden von 2008 bis 2013 als Teil des Rahmenprogramms zur Förderung der empirischen Bildungsforschung erhoben, welches vom Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF) finanziert wurde. Seit 2014 wird NEPS vom Leibniz-Institut für Bildungsverläufe e.V. (LIfBi) an der Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg in Kooperation mit einem deutschlandweiten Netzwerk weitergeführt.


The aim of this study conducted by the National Educational Panel Study (NEPS) is to collect longitudinal data on a starting sample of four-year-olds in Kindergarten. Comprehensive theory-based surveys are carried out on children (as target persons), their parents, and educators, as well as heads of the Kindergartens attended, and later on the class teachers and heads of the elementary schools attended. These data will enable us to describe and analyze educational processes, educational trajectories, and the development of competencies.

Key research questions of this study refer to:

  • competence development and educational trajectories in this age group,
  • the learning environment of Kindergarten, elementary school, and family, as well as learning opportunities in nonformal and informal settings,
  • the transition from Kindergarten to elementary school and the associated educational decisions,
  • the extent and the importance of social and ethnic disparities in Kindergarten and elementary school and
  • early returns to education.


Data and documents are released for academic research. This release is uniquely identified by one DOI. All data sets of this release are available in different languages (English, German), formats (Stata, SPSS), and degrees of anynomization (download, remote access, and on-site).

Starting Cohort Kindergarten

Access the Data

The download of NEPS data presupposes a valid Data Use Agreement. Eligible applicants are all individuals in possession of a university degree employed by a scientific institution. Data access is free of charge.

(external) Data Access Request Forms

Registered data users can download the NEPS Scientific Use Files by logging in to the website with their personal nu-number and password.

(external) Data Download Center

Documentation (Version 1.0.0)

  • Documentation package (ZIP)
  • Data manual (PDF-en)
  • Questionnaires
  • Competence tests - general information
  • Competence tests - domain-specific information
    • Procedural metacognition (MP) (PDF-en)
    • Scientific competence (SC) (PDF-en)
  • Semantic data structure File (ZIP)
  • Codebook (PDF-de, PDF-en)
  • Weighting (PDF-en)
  • RegioInfas (PDF-en)
  • Anonymization procedures (PDF-en)
  • Filter cleaning (ZIP)
  • Field Report (German only) (CATI main survey: PDF-de, PAPI main survey: PDF-de)
  • Interviewer manual (PDF-de)

More Information

In addition to the overview on this site, we offer further information about the data from Starting Cohort 2 (Kindergarten):
  • Access to the newest data and successively updated documentation for Starting Cohort 2
  • Publications using SC2 data
  • NEPSplorer offering various additional information (e.g. overview of the surveys, questions and variables)
  • Publications to methodical and study related questions in Working Papers