Starting Cohort Newborns (SC1)

Version 1.0.0


Date of Release


Principal Investigator

Hans-Günther Roßbach, Leibniz Institute for Educational Trajectories, Bamberg (Germany)


If you publish with NEPS data, it is mandatory to quote the following reference:

Blossfeld, H.-P., Roßbach, H.-G., & von Maurice, J. (Eds.). (2011). Education as a lifelong process: The German National Educational Panel Study (NEPS) [Special Issue]. Zeitschrift für Erziehungswissenschaft, 14. (Full text)

In addition, publications using data from this release must include the following acknowledgement:

This paper uses data from the National Educational Panel Study (NEPS): Starting Cohort 1 – Newborns, doi:10.5157/NEPS:SC1:1.0.0. From 2008 to 2013, NEPS data were collected as part of the Framework Programme for the Promotion of Empirical Educational Research funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). As of 2014, the NEPS survey is carried out by the Leibniz Institute for Educational Trajectories (LIfBi) at the University of Bamberg in cooperation with a nationwide network.

Click here for the German citation.

Für alle Publikationen mit NEPS-Daten ist es verpflichtend, folgende Referenz zu zitieren:

Blossfeld, H.-P., H.-G. Roßbach und J. von Maurice (Hrsg.) (2011). Education as a Lifelong Process – The German National Educational Panel Study (NEPS). Zeitschrift für Erziehungswissenschaft: Sonderheft 14. (Volltext)

Zusätzlich müssen alle Publikationen den folgenden Hinweis auf den jeweiligen Scientific-Use-File, aus dem die verwendeten NEPS-Daten stammen, enthalten:

Diese Arbeit nutzt Daten des Nationalen Bildungspanels (NEPS) Startkohorte 1 (Neugeborene), doi:10.5157/NEPS:SC1:1.0.0. Die Daten des NEPS wurden von 2008 bis 2013 als Teil des Rahmenprogramms zur Förderung der empirischen Bildungsforschung erhoben, welches vom Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF) finanziert wurde. Seit 2014 wird NEPS vom Leibniz-Institut für Bildungsverläufe e.V. (LIfBi) an der Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg in Kooperation mit einem deutschlandweiten Netzwerk weitergeführt.


The aim of this substudy run by the National Educational Panel Study (NEPS) is to generate a longitudinal cohort starting with infants in their first year of life. Therefore families are visited in their homes from the first wave. Substantial, theory-driven surveys are conducted with the children (as target persons) and their parents as well as with persons in charge outside of the home (group manager of the day nursery or the Kindergarten, childminders; from wave 2). Those data will enable scientists to describe and analyze processes and courses of education as well as competence development.

The main research questions of this substudy of the NEPS include:

  • How do children in early childhood develop early skills and abilities and in what ways are processes of development and education supported by settings of child care and education within and outside the family?
  • How do intra-familial and extra-familial settings interact?
  • From what age of the child do families make use of child care settings and education outside the family and to what extent does this depend on the development of the child and/or on the family background including the intra-familial learning environment, parental needs, and orientations?
  • In addition, there is a special focus on families with migration background.


Data and documents are released for academic research. This release is uniquely identified by one DOI. All data sets of this release are available in different languages (English, German), formats (Stata, SPSS), and degrees of anynomization (download, remote access, and on-site).

Starting Cohort Early Childhood

Access the Data

The download of NEPS data presupposes a valid Data Use Agreement. Eligible applicants are all individuals in possession of a university degree employed by a scientific institution. Data access is free of charge.

(external) Data Access Request Forms

Registered data users can download the NEPS Scientific Use Files by logging in to the website with their personal nu-number and password.

(external) Data Download Center

Documentation (Version 1.0.0)

More Information

In addition to the overview on this site, we offer further information about the data from Starting Cohort 1 (Newborns):
  • Access to the newest data and successively updated documentation for Starting Cohort 1
  • Publications using SC1 data
  • NEPSplorer offering various additional information (e.g. overview of the surveys, questions and variables)
  • Publications to methodical and study related questions in Working Papers